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Thrissur Pooram Festival
Thrissur Pooram is a Malayalam festival celebrates in Kerala. It celebrates on important Pooram Day among all Poorams, where pooram is an annual festival related to Lord Shiva. This festival celebrates in the Malayalam month of Medam. This festival was the innovation of Raja Rama Varma is well known as “Sakthan thampuran” (1790-1805) the King of Cochin.
Why Thrissur Pooram Is Celebrate
Days back Arattupuzha pooram was a big festival celebrates at Arattupuzha. But in 1978 due to continuous rains, the people from Thrissur were late for Arattupuzha pooram. And not allowed to pooram procession. Because of this, an issue was raised by temple authorities with Sakthan Thampuran.
The above issue made the king to take the decision to combine the 10 temples situated around Vadakkunnathan Temple. And arranged the celebration of Thrissur pooram as a big festival. Sakthan Thampuran divided the temple into two groups namely Paramekkavu side and Thiruvambadi side.
The Paramekkavu side subdivides into 5 temples namely Panamukkumpally Sastha Temple, Choorakkottukavu Bhagavathy Temple, Chembukkavu Temple, Paramekavvu Bhagavathy Temple, Pookattikkara Bhagavathy Temple. And the Thiruvambadi side also subdivides into five temples namely Thiruvambadi Sri Krishna Temple, Nethilakkavu Bhagavathy Temple, Laloor Bhagavathy Temple, Sree Karthyayani Temple, Kanimangalam Sastha Temple.
How They Celebrate Thrissur Pooram
The pooram starts with flag hoisting. The flag hoisting event starts Seven days before Thrissur pooram. The first round of fireworks called “Sample Vedikettu”. After the fourth day of flag hoisting, a show will present by both Thiruvambadi and Paramekkavu Devaswoms. And the venue for fireworks is Swaraj round.
The devaswoms of Thiruvambadi and Paramekkavu will prepare many items separately like Golden elephants, Elephant accoutrements, Ornamental fan made of Peacock feathers, Decorative umbrellas. The Paramekkavu devaswoms shows this at Agrasala in Thrissur and the Thiruvambadi devaswoms exhibits the comparisons at Church Mission Society High School in Thrissur city. This program performs on the fourth and fifth day before Thrissur Pooram.
The main pooram starts at the time of Kanimanagalam Sasthavu Ezhunnellippu (According to Kerala calendar) in the early morning. And one of the main events in Thrissur is “Madathil Varavu”, it is Apanchavadhyam Melam. In this event, more than 200 artists participated with instruments such as Madhalam, symbol, Edakka, Trumpet. At Afternoon nearly 2:00 pm the Ilanjithara melam is started at inside the Vadakkumnathan Temple.
End of The Festival
At the end of the Thrissur Pooram Festival, the Paramekkavu and Thiruvambadi groups enter the temple from the Western gate and come out from the Southern gate. This two groups exchanges the Craft Umbrellas which are at top of elephants called as “Kudamattom“. All other communities are also participating in each and every part of the festival. Because the pandal works are crafts by the Muslim community and the material to prepare umbrellas will offer by the churches.
It is a good thing that all the people participating here will unite and religionless also proves Indian Unity in diversity. The last day of pooram is “Pakal Pooram“. The last event is “Upacharam Cholli” Piriyal will happen at swaraj round. After the event, the Thiruvambadi Sri Krishna temple and Paramekkavu Bhagavathy temple will take the idols from Swaraj round to their temples. The Festival Ends with an amazing display of fireworks as “Pakal Vedikkettu”.