Jwalamukhi temple is in Himachal Pradesh, it is one of the Shaktipeethas among 51 shaktipeethas present in India. Hindus consider the Shaktipeethas as an extremely pious place. The Jwalamukhi temple is dedicating to Gwalamukhi, it is located in the south of Kangra valley in the Shivalik range. The history of Jwalamukhi temple tells that, once the Mughal Emperor Akbar happened to visit Jwalamukhi temple and tried to do the flame in which he fails. Later, Akbar offered a golden umbrella for the goddess. While leaving he turned around to look at the umbrella and gets surprising as the umbrella turns into copper.
In the year 1809, Maharaja Ranjit Singh visited the Jwalamukhi temple and gave the gilt roof. Kharak Singh, son of Ranjit Singh presented a pair of silver plated folding doors. In the royal era, the temple was managing by the King of Naudan. The King himself authorized the priests to the temple. Now, the temple is managing by the government. A portion of money collecting by the temple is used to improve and maintain the facilities for the pilgrims.
Legend of the Jwalamukhi temple:
In order to seek the protection from the demon, all gods centralized their individual power on the ground, it leads to the birth of an Adishakti known as the goddess Sati. Prajapati Daksha raised the girl and later married to Lord Shiva. Once Prajapati Daksha organized a yagna and did not invite Lord Shiva. Parvati feels very humiliated by this act of her father and burned herself in the fire of Havankund. Lord Shiva enrages and moves around three worlds with Sati’s burnt body.
To see this, all the Gods approach Lord Vishnu seeking help. Lord Vishnu decides to cut the body of Parvati into pieces with his Sudharshan Chakra. The pieces of her body fell at various places. Where ever the pieces fell, those places are considering as the Shaktipeetha’s. Jwalamukhi is the place where the tongue of Sati fell.
History of Jwalamukhi temple:
The temple was built by a king, once a cowherd complaint to the king that a female emerges out of the earth and feed on cow milk. As the king was aware of Sati’s legend, searches for the place and built the temple. He also appointed the priest to perform Poojas. Later, Pandavas renovated and carried the maintenance of the temple.
The significance of the temple:
Jwalamukhi temple is famous for not having any idol to worship in it. The roof of the temple is a gilt dome and silver plated folding doors. There is a three feet square pit with pathway and there is a hallowed rock over a primary fissure of the flame in the center. It is considering as the mouth of Mahakali. There are 9 places in the pit from where the flames will emit. All the nine places are the nine forms of the Goddess namely Saraswati, Chandi, Annapurna, Hing Laj, Vindhya Vasini, Mahakali, Mahalakshmi, Ambika and Anjana. There are lions at the entrance of the temple. In Jwalamukhi temple the goddess is worship as the Goddess of light.
Rituals of Jwalamukhi temple:
In a day, Five Aartis will be performing in the temple. The first Aarti will be performing early in the morning at 5’o clock known as Mangal Aarti. Panjupchaar Pujan Aarti is done at the time of sunrise, Bhog Aarti is performing in the noon, around 7 pm the 4th aarti is performing and at 10 pm the last aarti Shaiyan ki aarti is performing.
During the last aarti, the bed of Durga Maa is decorating with flowers, jewelry and dresses. The aarti will be done in two parts, firstly it is performing in the main temple and then in the sejabhavan. Sondarya Lahri slokas will be recited throughout the aarti by Shri Shankaracharya. Havan is performing once in a day, Durga Saptarshi is recited during havan. Rabri, misri, seasonal fruits will be offering to the goddess as Bhog.
Transport Facilities at the temple:
- The Gaggal airport is the nearest airport at a distance of 50km.
- The nearest railhead Ranital is 20 km away. The Chandigarh railway station and airport are at a distance around 200km. Several trains are there from Pathankot to Joginder Nagar. From there take a bus, it takes 3 hrs to reach Jwalamukhi.
- You can also go by road, many busses are available from different cities of the country.